Колодина Н.И., Витлицкая Е.В. К61 Говори и наслаждайся: Учебно-методическое пособие. Тамбов: Изд-во Тамб. гос. техн. ун-та, 2006. 144 с.
Представляет собой пособие по развитию навыков устной речи, усвоению лексического материала английского языка для студентов неязыковых вузов. Ставит своей задачей оказание практической помощи в усвоении разговорных навыков, восприятии речи и расширению словарного запаса на английском языке. Предназначено для студентов всех специальностей.
УДК 802.0(076) ББК Ш13(Ан)я923
Колодина Н.И., Витлицкая Е.В., 2006
Тамбовский государственный технический университет (ТГТУ), 2006
КОЛОДИНА Нина Ивановна, ВИТЛИЦКАЯ Елена Викторовна
ГОВОРИ И НАСЛАЖДАЙСЯ
Редактор З.Г. Чернова
Компьютерное макетирование Е.В. Кораблевой
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Издательско-полиграфический центр ТГТУ 392000, Тамбов, Советская, 106, к. 14 SUPPLEMENT TO LISTENING PRACTICE IDIOMS IN DAILY CONVERSATIONS
Idioms and conversational expressions present two types of difficulties: there are many of them, and their meanings cannot be guessed from the meanings of the words that they consist of.
The words in idioms cannot be replaced with other words that have similar meanings. You can think of idi- oms as "frozen" phrases, the parts of which cannot be moved or changed. For example, to be under the weather means not to feel well. You cannot replace the words in this expression without changing its mean- ing. The meanings of idioms have to be learned or memorized, just as you have to memorize the meaning of words.
Conversational expressions are a little different from idioms. These expressions are not "frozen," and they represent the way people usually speak. For example, all of the following expressions can be used as greet- ings:
Hello. How are you? How are you today? How is everything going? How is everything with you? How have you been?
Although there are differences among these expressions, their meanings and purposes are the same. In idi- oms, only one form and only one combination of words has a particular meaning.
Two – or three-word verbs are similar to idioms because the meaning of the whole cannot be guessed from the meanings of the parts, for example, look up to = admire, look after (somebody) = to take care of (some- body), look (someone) up = visit,and look for = search.
Because there are no rules that you can use to guess the meanings of idioms and two-word verbs, these parts of the English language have to be learned individually.
The following common idioms and two – or three-word verbs are provided for you. LIST OF IDIOMS AND TWO – OR THREE-WORD VERBS
about time indicates that something should have happened earlier. After working for this company for 5 years, he felt that it was about time he received a promotion. about to ready to, at the point of. Now that she is about to enter college, she has moved out of her parents' place. ahead of time early, in advance. Preparing for business presentations ahead of time is essential for the success of any venture. all along from the beginning, always, all the time. Television networks have claimed all along that they do not attempt to influence their viewers. all at once suddenly, surprisingly, unexpectedly. All at once, with the collapse of the stock market, many people found themselves financially ruined. all day long the entire day. Educators frequently frown on the idea of studying the same material all day long. all in all everything taken into account, everything considered. All in all, environmental concerns have gained considerable attention in the media. all the time (1) continually, regularly. Ideally, adults should receive a consistent amount of sleep all the time. (2) during a certain period of time. This semester, students have been dropping and adding classes all the time. as for referring to, concerning, regarding. As for updating the physics curriculum, the current budget allows us few resources to spare. as usual as occurs most of the time, typically. As usual, the technical writers have missed the dead- line for completion of the project. at first at the beginning. At first, adjusting to new schools may appear almost impossible to foreign students. at last finally, after a long time. The Admissions Office had been requesting Frank's transcript for six months and, at last, it arrived. at (the) least no less than, minimum. Although the entire managerial staff does not need to attend the con- ference, at least the production supervisors should be there.